Thematic Section - Advances in Analytic Hierarchy Process

Multi-criteria analysis applied to aircraft selection by Brazilian Navy

Sérgio Mitihiro do Nascimento Maêda; Igor Pinheiro de Araújo Costa; Marcos Alexandre Pinto de Castro Junior; Luiz Paulo Fávero; Arthur Pinheiro de Araújo Costa; José Victor de Pina Corriça; Carlos Francisco Simões Gomes; Marcos dos Santos

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Paper aims: This paper aims to select the best helicopter to be acquired by the Brazilian Navy (BN), enabling greater logistical and combat capacity in marine operations. For this purpose, we applied the AHP-TOPSIS-2N, a hybrid multicriteria method composed by the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) and two normalization procedures (2N).

Originality: In this paper, a real military case study is conducted to support the decision-making process in BN, contributing to the better performance of the Brazilian Armed Forces. The application of the methodology resulted in two lists of ordering and prioritization of helicopters, providing transparency and simplicity to the decision-making process.

Research method: We analyzed six aircraft models, considering attack helicopters used by the Armed Forces of developed countries, in the light of their operational and tactical criteria. The selected helicopter would be employed in the fire support and reconnaissance, required by the Brazilian Marine Corps Amphibious Operations.

Main findings: After the application of the method, the AH-64E APACHE was chosen as the most suitable helicopter to be acquired by the Brazilian Navy.

Implications for theory and practice: This study brings valuable contribution to academia and society, since it represents the application of a Multi-criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) method in the state of the art to contribute to the solution of a real problem of the BN. The methodology presented in this paper can notably be used to solve real problems of the most varied types – tactical, operational and strategic – thus being a very useful method for decision-making.


AHP-TOPSIS-2N, Multicriteria analysis, Decision-making process, Brazilian navy, Aircraft


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