Research Article

Lean techniques application towards efficient collaborative robot integration: an experimental study

Anthony Quenehen; Jerome Pocachard; Nathalie Klement; Lionel Roucoules; Olivier Gibaru

Downloads: 0
Views: 36


   Paper aims: Highlight the practical implications of coupling collaborative robots with lean manufacturing techniques and understand mutual contributions towards enhanced operational performance.

Originality: Usage of an experimental approach, focusing on lean techniques as a differentiating skill to implement efficiently collaborative robots in a production representative environment.

Research method: Experimental case study, based on the gradual implementation of a collaborative robot within a manual assembly process in order to design a collaborative process.

Main findings: Guidelines for transition from manual to collaborative process, incorporating incremental improvement loops – and related skills – enabling enhanced performance.

Implications for theory and practice: Identification of a set of lean techniques contributing positively to collaborative robots’ usage, incorporated in a step by step operator driven implementation process.


Collaborative robot. Lean techniques. Process improvement. Integration method. Experimental approach.


Bauer, W., Bender, M., Braun, M., Rally, P., & Scholtz, O. (2016). Lightweight robots in manual assembly, best to start simply: examining companies’ initial experiences with lightweight robots. Stuttgart: Fraunhofer.

Dombrowski, U., Richter, T., & Krenkel, P. (2017). Interdependencies of industrie 4.0 & lean production systems: a use cases analysis. Procedia Manufacturing, 11, 1061-1068.

Imai, M. (1986). Kaizen (Vol. 201). New York: Random House Business Division.

International Organization for Standardization. (2011). Robots and robotic devices — Safety requirements for industrial robots (ISO/DIS Standard No. 10218-1). ISO. Retrieved from:

Kolberg, D., & Zühlke, D. (2015). Lean automation enabled by industry 4.0 technologies. IFAC-PapersOnLine, 48(3), 1870-1875.

Liao, Y., Deschamps, F., Loures, E. F. R., & Ramos, L. F. P. (2017). Past, present and future of industry 4.0-a systematic literature review and research agenda proposal. International Journal of Production Research, 55(12), 3609-3629.

Liker, J. K. (2005). The Toyota way. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Maghazei, O., & Netland, T. (2017). Implementation of industry 4.0 technologies: what can we learn from the past? In IFIP International Conference on Advances in Production Management Systems (pp. 135-142). Switzerland: Springer.

Marchwinski, C., & Shook, J., editors (2003). Lean lexicon: a graphical glossary for lean thinkers (pp. 34). Brookline: Lean Enterprise Institute.

Moeuf, A., Pellerin, R., Lamouri, S., Tamayo-Giraldo, S., & Barbaray, R. (2018). The industrial management of SMEs in the era of industry 4.0. International Journal of Production Research, 56(3), 1118-1136.

Petruck, H., Faber, M., Giese, H., Geibel, M., Mostert, S., Usai, M., & Brandl, C. (2018). Human-robot collaboration in manual assembly: a collaborative workplace. In Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) (pp. 21-28). Cham: Springer.

Satoglu, S., Ustundag, A., Cevikcan, E., & Durmusoglu, M. B. (2018). Lean transformation integrated with industry 4.0 implementation methodology. In F. Calisir & H. Camgoz Akdag (Eds.), Industrial engineering in the industry 4.0 era (pp. 97-107). Cham: Springer.

Shah, R., & Ward, P. T. (2003). Lean manufacturing: context, practice bundles, and performance. Journal of Operations Management, 21(2), 129-149.

Submitted date:

Accepted date:

6149d3f5a953951ade4ce772 production Articles
Links & Downloads


Share this page
Page Sections