Production
https://prod.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/S0103-65132013005000052
Production
Article

The relationship between the logistics complexity of manufacturing companies and their supply chain management

A relação entre a complexidade logística de empresas industriais e seu gerenciamento da cadeia de suprimentos

Wanke, Peter Fernandes; Corrêa, Henrique Luiz

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Abstract

This study aims to investigate whether, and the means by which, supply chain managers of large manufacturing companies adopt a context-dependent approach (also called contingency approach) in their supply chain decisions; it empirically explores the correlation between logistics complexity-related contextual conditions and supply chain management (SCM) objectives and decision areas. The study involves a comprehensive literature review, followed by an analysis of survey data (based on a sample of 108 large manufacturing companies in Brazil), using cluster analysis, factor analysis and binary logistic regression. In this study, we not only investigate the major effects of supply chain objectives and decision areas as predictors of the logistics complexity of manufacturing but also investigate their second order interactions. Statistically significant relationships were found between logistics complexity-related contextual conditions and objectives and decision areas involving the supply chain. The managers of large companies who were surveyed considered different objectives and decision areas to be critical to the achievement of supply chain excellence when their companies had different levels of logistics complexity.

Keywords

Brazilian companies. Logistics complexity. Supply chain management. Decision areas. Contingency approach.

Resumo

Este estudo tem como objetivo investigar se e os meios pelos quais os gestores da cadeia de suprimentos de empresas de grande porte adotam uma abordagem dependente do contexto (também chamada de abordagem de contingência) em suas decisões de cadeia de suprimentos, explorando empiricamente a correlação entre condições contextuais de complexidade relacionadas à logística e os objetivos e áreas de decisão do gerenciamento de cadeias de suprimento. O estudo envolve uma ampla revisão da literatura, seguida de uma análise dos dados da pesquisa (com base em uma amostra de 108 grandes empresas de manufatura no Brasil), utilizando análise de cluster, análise fatorial e regressão logística binária. Este estudo não só investiga os principais efeitos dos objetivos da cadeia de abastecimento e das áreas de decisão como previsores da complexidade logística e de produção, mas também as suas interações de segunda ordem. Foram encontradas relações estatisticamente significativas entre as condições contextuais de complexidade relacionadas à logística e os objetivos da cadeia de abastecimento e suas áreas de decisão: gerentes das grandes empresas pesquisadas percebem diferentes objetivos propostos e áreas de decisão como fundamentais para o alcance da excelência da cadeia de suprimentos quando sua empresa apresenta diferentes níveis de complexidade logística.

Palavras-chave

Empresas brasileiras. Complexidade logística. Gerenciamento de cadeia de suprimentos. Áreas de decisão. Abordagem contingencial

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