Production
https://prod.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/S0103-65132012005000001
Production
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Avaliação da presença de práticas do Design for Environment (DfE) no desenvolvimento de produto de uma empresa da indústria química

Assessment of the presence of Design for Environment (DfE) practices in the product development of a chemical company

Borchardt, Miriam; Wendt, Marcos Henrique; Sellitto, Miguel Afonso; Pereira, Giancarlo Medeiros

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Resumo

Este artigo apresenta a avaliação da presença de práticas do Design for Environment (DfE) ou ecodesign no desenvolvimento de produtos de uma empresa da indústria química. Para atingir o objetivo proposto, o DfE foi desdobrado em sete construtos latentes, que foram ponderados por um método multicriterial. Os construtos foram desdobrados em itens de avaliação, que deram origem a um questionário categórico, empregado para investigar o quanto cada item está presente na empresa. Ao final, foi possível identificar o nível de presença de cada construto e a presença global do DfE na empresa. O resultado foi uma presença de 67% do máximo que se poderia esperar. Também foi possível identificar a importância relativa de cada construto e as lacunas entre a importância e o nível de presença. Os construtos mais importantes foram Características do produto/processo e Resíduos. Este trabalho constribuiu para a identificação de prioridades quando da aplicação do DfE e para o estabelecimento de parâmetros referenciais acerca do desempenho em DfE a serem monitorados a longo prazo.

Palavras-chave

Design for Environment. Ecodesign. Desempenho ambiental. Avaliação de desempenho.

Abstract

This paper presents an assessment of the Design for Environment (DfE) or eco-design practices in the product development of a chemical company. To this end, the DfE was deployed in seven latent constructs, weighted by a multi-criteria method. The constructs were deployed in assessment items, resulting in a categorical questionnaire used to investigate how much each item is present in the company. Eventually, it was possible to identify the level of each construct and the global presence of DfE in the company. The company achieved 67% of the maximum expected. The relative importance of each construct and the gaps between the importance and the application of each construct were also assessed. The most important construct was Characteristics of Product/Process and Wastes. This research allowed to identify the priorities of DfE application and may contribute to establish DfE performance references that can be long-term monitored.

Keywords

Design for Environment (DfE). Eco-design. Environment performance. Performance assessment.

References



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