Current research on profile monitoring

Current research on profile monitoring

Woodall, William H.

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In many applications the quality of a process or product is best characterized and summarized by a functional relationship between a response variable and one or more explanatory variables. Profile monitoring is used to understand and to check the stability of this relationship over time. At each sampling stage one observes a collection of data points that can be represented by a curve (or profile). In some calibration applications, the profile can be represented adequately by a simple linear regression model, while in other applications more complicated models are needed. The purposes of this paper are to review recent research on the use of control charts to monitor process and product quality profiles and to encourage further research in this area.


Calibration, functional data analysis, linear regression, multivariate quality control, nonlinear regression, statistical process control, wavelets


Em muitas aplicações a qualidade de um processo ou de um produto é melhor caracterizada e descrita por uma relação funcional entre a variável resposta e uma ou mais variáveis explicativas. Monitoramento de perfis é usado para entender e checar a estabilidade desta relação ao longo do tempo. Cada vez que uma amostra é selecionada, uma coleção de pontos que pode ser representada por uma curva (ou perfil) é observada. Em algumas aplicações de calibração, o perfil pode ser representado adequadamente por um modelo de regressão linear simples, enquanto que em outras aplicações, modelos mais complicados serão necessários. Os objetivos deste artigo são: apresentar e resumir pesquisas recentes do uso de cartas de controle para monitorar perfis de processo e qualidade de produto e encorajar futuras pesquisas nesta área.


Calibração, análise de dados funcionais, regressão linear, controle de qualidade multivariada, regressão não linear, controle estatístico de processo, ondaletas


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