Ferramenta para tomada de decisão considerando a interação dos sistemas de produção e o meio ambiente

Decision-making tool considering the interaction of the production systems and the environment

Barrella, Flávio A.; Almeida, Cecilia M. Villas Bôas de; Giannetti, Biagio F.

Downloads: 0
Views: 150


Diagramas ternários são apresentados como ferramenta gráfica no auxílio da contabilidade ambiental e tomada de decisões ambientais baseadas na análise emergética. Além de inquestionáveis vantagens da interpretação gráfica sobre análise de tabelas, o uso dos diagramas ternários, largamente empregados para a avaliação da físico-química de diagrama de fases para sistemas de três componentes, permite o uso das propriedades do diagrama de fases para avaliação da dependência dos sistemas sobre entradas renováveis e não-renováveis e a avaliação do suporte ambiental para diluição e redução de emissões dos processos e da eficiência dos sistemas. A imediata visualização dos dados da contabilidade emergética permite a comparação de processos e sistemas com e sem serviços dos ecossistemas, para avaliar melhorias e acompanhamento do desempenho dos sistemas ao longo do tempo. Com a objetividade dos diagramas ternários, aspectos como a interação entre sistemas e a interação entre sistemas e meio ambiente podem ser prontamente reconhecidos e avaliados.


Sistemas de produção, ferramenta gráfica, diagrama ternário, sustentabilidade


Ternary diagrams are presented as graphic tools to assist environmental accounting and environmental decision-making based on emergy analysis. Besides the unquestionable advantages of graphic interpretation over table analysis, the use of ternary diagrams, widely used for physical chemistry evaluation of three components systems, or three components phase diagrams, permits the use of phase diagrams properties to assess the dependence of the system upon renewable and non renewable inputs, the environmental support for dilution and abatement of process emissions and the system efficiency. The prompt visualization of the emergy accounting data makes possible to compare processes and systems with and without ecosystem services, to evaluate improvements and to follow the system performance over time. With the aim of ternary diagrams, aspects such as the interaction between systems and the interactions between systems and the environment can be readily recognized and evaluated.


Production systems, graphic tool, ternary diagram, sustainability


ALBERTI, M.; CAINI, L.; CALABRESE, A.; ROSSI, D. Evaluation of the costs and benefits of an environmental management system. International Journap. 4455-4466, 2000.

AZZONE, G.; BERTELE, U. Exploiting green strategies for competitive adavantages. Long Range Planning, v. 27, n. 6, p. 69-81, 1997.

BAKSHI B.R. A thermodynamic framework for ecologically concious process system engineering. Computers and Chemical Engineering, 24, p. 1767-1773, 2000.

BARRERA-ROLDÁN A.; SALDÍVAR-VALDÉS A. Proposal and application of a Sustainable Development Index. Ecological Indicators, 2, p. 251-256, 2002.

BASTIANONI S.; MARCHETTINI N. Emergy/exergy ratio as measure of the level of organization of systems. Ecological Modelling, 99 , p. 33-40, 1997.

BASTIANONI S.; MARCHETTINI N. Environmental cost and state: the problem of adiabaticity in the emergy value. Ecological Modelling, 90, p. 33-37, 1996.

BASTIANONI S.; MARCHETTINI N. The problem of co-production in environmental accounting by emergy analysis. Ecological Modelling, 129, p. 187-193, 2000.

BJÖRKLUND J.; GEBER U.; RYDBERG T. Emergy analysis of municipal wastewater treatment and generation of electricity by digestion of sewage sludge. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 31, p. 293-316, 2001.

BROWN M. T.; ULGIATI S. Emergy Evaluations and Environmental Loading of Electricity Production Systems. J Cleaner Prod, 10, p. 321-334, 2002.

BROWN M.T.; McCLANAHAN T.R. Emergy analysis perspectives of Thailand and Mekong River dam proposals. Ecological Modelling, 91, p. 105-130, 1996.

BROWN M.T.; S. ULGIATI. Emergy-based indices and ratios to evaluate sustainability: monitoring economies and technology toward environmentally sound innovation. Ecological Engineering, 9, p. 51-69, 1997.

BYRNE M. R.; POLONSKY M. J., Impediments to consumer adoption of sustainable transportation, International journal of Operations & Production Management, 21 (2001) 1521-1538.

CASTELLAN G.W., "Físico Química 1", Livros Técnicos e Científicos Editora S.A., (1984) 363-365

CLEVELAND C.J.; KAUFMANN R.K.; STERN D.I., Aggregation and the role of energy in the economy, Ecological Economics, 32 (2000) 301-317.

CONSTABLE, J. C. DAVID; CURZONS, ALAN D.; CUNNINGHAM, VIRGINIA L. Metrics to 'green' chemistry - which are the best?, Green Chemistry, 4 (2002) 521-527.

FATH B.D.; PATTEN B.C.; CHOI J.S., Complementarity of Ecological Goal Functions. Journal Theor. Biol., 208, p. 493-506, 2001.

FEDERICI M.; ULGIATI S.; VERDESCA D.; BASOSI R. Efficienc and sustainability indicators for passenger and commodities transportation systems. Ecological Indicators, 3, p. 155-169, 2003.

GEBER U.; BJÖRKLUND J. The relationship between ecosystem services and purchased input in Swedish wastewater treatment systems - a case study. Ecological Engineering, 18, p. 39-59, 2001.

HORNBORG A. Comentary: Towards en ecological theory of unequal exchange: articulating world system theory and ecological economics. Ecological Economics, 25, p. 127-136, 1998.

GUPTA, M. C. Environmental management and its impact on the operations functions. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, v. 6, n. 4, p.6-16, 1995.

HART, S. A natural resource based view of the firm. Academy of Management Review, v. 20, n. 4, p. 986-1014, 1995.

HEIZER, J.; RENDER B. Production and operation management: strategic and tactical decisions. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1996.

HOWINGTON T.M.; BROWN M.T.; WIGGINGTON M. Effect of hydrologic subsidy on self-organization of a constructed wetland in Central Florida. Ecological Engineering, 9, p. 137-156, 1997.

JACOBSON, REED; Microsoft Excel 2002 Visual Basic for Applications Passo a Passo, Makron Books, 326, 2002

JORGENSEN S.E.; NIELSEN S.N.; MEJER H. Emergy, environ, exergy and ecological modelling. Ecological Modelling, 77, p. 99-109, 1995.

KLASSEN, R. D. Exploring the linkage between investment in manufacturing and environmental technologies. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, v. 20, n. 2, p. 127-147, 2000.

LEFROY E.; RYDBERG T. Emergy evaluation of three cropping systems in southwestern Australia. Ecological Modelling, 161, p. 195-211, 2003.

LOPES E. et al. Application of Life Cycle Assessment to the Portuguese Pulp and Paper Industry. J. Cleaner Prod., 11, p. 51-59, 2003.

MANOLIADIS, ODYSSEUS G. Development of ecological indicators-a methodological framework using compromise programming. Ecological Indicators, 2, p. 169-176, 2002.

MARTIN J.F. Emergy valuation of diversions of river water to marshes in the Mississipi River Delta. Ecological Engineering, 18, p. 265-286, 2002.

MAXWELL, J., ROTHENBERG, S., BRISCOE, F.; MARCUS, A. Green schemes: corporate environmental strategies and their implementation", California Management Review, v. 39, n. 3, p. 118-34, 1997.

ODUM H.T. Environmental Accounting - EMERGY and Environmental Decision Making. Ed. John Wiley & Songs Ltd., 370, 1996.

ODUM H.T. Emergy evaluation of an OTEC electrical power system, Energy, 25, p. 389-393, 2000.

ODUM H.T.; PETERSON N. Simulation and evaluation with energy systems blocks. Ecological Modelling, 93, p. 155-173, 1996.

PANZIERI M.; MARCHETTINI N.; HALLAM T.G. Importance of the Bradhyrizobium japonicum symbiosis for the sustainability of a soybean cultivation. Ecological Modelling, 135, p. 301-310, 2000.

PATTEN B.C., Network integration of ecological extremal principles: exergy, emergy, power, ascendency, and indirect effects. Ecological Modelling, 79, p.75-84, 1995.

POPP J.; HOAG D.; HYATT D. E. Sustainability indices with multiple objectives. Ecological Indicators, 1, p. 37-47, 2001.

PORTER M.; LINDE VAN DER C. Green and Competitive, Harward Business Review, p. 120-134, Set/Out, 1995.

PORTER M.; LINDE VAN DER C. Toward a new conception of the environment competitiveness relantionship, J. Econ. Perspect., 9, p. 97-118, 1995.

PUBBLICAZIONE della Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri - Dipartimento per l'Informazione e l'Editoria Direttore: Mauro Mais - Coordinamento editoriale Augusta Busico - Stampa e diffusione Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato S.p.A. - Salário Roma, 2003

ROMAN, STEVEN. "Desenvolvendo Macros no Excel". Ciência Moderna, 569, 2000

RONCHI E.; FEDERICO A. e MUSMECI F. A system oriented integrated indicator for sustainable development in Italy. Ecological Indicators, 2, p. 197-210, 2002.

ROOS, NELSON. "Visual Basic for Windows Versão 3.0", Makron Books, 390, 1994

RYDBERG T.; JANSÉN J. Comparison of horse and tractor traction using emergy analysis, Ecological Engineering, 19, p. 13-28, 2002.

SARKIS, J. "Manufacturing strategy and environmental conciousness", Technovation, v. 15, n. 2, p. 79-97, 1995.

SHARMA, S. e VREDENBURG, H. "Proactive corporate environmental strategy and the development of competitively valuable organizational capabilities". Strategic Management Journal, v. 19, n. 8, p. 729-753, 1998.

SEAGER T. P.; THEIS T. L. A uniform definition and quantitative basis for industrial ecology. Journal of Cleaner Production, 10, p.225-235, 2002.

SHEN, T. T. Industrial Pollution Prevention, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1995.

SHRIVASTAVA, P. Environmental technologies and competitive advantages. Strategic Management Journal, v. 19, n. 3, p. 183-200, 1995.

SHU-LI HUANG. Urban ecosystems, energetic hierarchies, and ecological economics of Taipei metropolis, Journal of Environmental Management, 52, p. 39-51, 1998.

SHU-LI HUANG; WAN-LIN HSU. Materials flow analysis and emergy evaluation of Taipei's urban construction. Landscape and Urban Planning, 63, p. 61-74, 2003.

SILVA B.A. Contabilidade e Meio Ambiente: Considerações teóricas e práticas sobre o controle dos gastos ambientais. São Paulo: Annablume Editora, 2003.

SPANGENBERG J.H.. Environmental space and the prism of sustainability: frameworks for indicators measuring sustainable development, Ecological Indicators, 2, p. 295-309, 2002.

TON S.; ODUM H.T.; DELFINO J.J. Ecological-economic evaluation of wetland management alternatives, Ecological Engineering, 11, p. 291-302, 1998.

ULGIATI S.; BROWN M. T. Quantifying the environmental support for dilution and abatement of process emissions - The case of electricity production. J Cleaner Prod, 10, p. 335-348, 2002.

ULGIATI S.; BROWN M.T., Monitoring patterns of sustainability in natural and man-made ecosystems. Ecological Modelling, 108, p. 23-36, 1998.

ULGIATI S.; BROWN M.T.; S. BASTIANONI; N. MARCHETTINI, Emergy-based indices and ratios to evaluate the sustainable use of resources. Ecological Engineering, 5, p. 519-531, 1995.

ULGIATI S.; ODUM H.T.; BASTIANONI S. Emergy use, environmental loading and sustainability: Na emergy analysis of Italy, 73, p. 215-268, 1994.

WALLEY, N. e WHITEHEAD, B. "It's not easy being green". Harvard Business Review, vol 72, n. 3, p. 46-52, 1994.

5883a4067f8c9da00c8b474a 1574685864 Articles
Links & Downloads


Share this page
Page Sections