Opening the black box of collaborative writing: experiences from a teamwork-based course in industrial management
In this paper we discuss the introduction of collaborative writing (CW) tools in a course designed with learning activities based on problem-based learning (PBL), authentic case methodology, and teamwork. We argue that CW is a vital, but poorly understood, part of teamwork, and a black-box activity. Our ambition is to open the black box of CW and discuss how CW concepts can enrich teamwork activities. We build on our students’ reflections on challenges linked to CW in a teamwork setting. In total the data consisted of 77 individual reflection papers, which were analyzed using constructs from prior literature on CW. Our results show that our students actively used CW tools and strategies and that CW had a large impact—and, in fact, enhanced teamwork management. The CW tools also helped in creating sustainable teamwork in the sense that they enhanced the three criterions of team performance: productivity, cohesion, and learning.
Barrows, H. S., & Tamblyn, R. H. (1980). Problem-based learning: an approach to medical education. New York: Springer Publishing.
Berglund, A. (2012). Do we facilitate an innovative learning environment? Student efficacy in two engineering design projects. Global Journal of Engineering Education, 14(1), 27-33.
Biggs, J. B., & Tang, C. (2007). Teaching for quality learning at university (3rd ed.). Berkshire: McGraw-Hill.
Blomkvist, P., & Uppvall, L. (2012a). A chain is only as strong as its weakest link: Managing change in the curriculum of industrial management education. International Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, 3(2), 53-65.
Blomkvist, P., & Uppvall, L. (2012b). Learning to love ambiguity: authentic live case methodology in industrial management education. International Journal of Case Method Research & Application, 24(4), 272-285.
Carleton, T., Cockayne, W., & Tahvanainen, A. (2013). Playbook for strategic foresight and innovation. Stanford: University of Stanford.
Cheong, F. (2008). Using a problem-based learning approach to teach an intelligent systems course. Journal of Information Technology Education, 7(1), 47-60.
Crawley, E. F., Malmqvist, J., Östlund, S., Brodeur, D. R., & Edström, K. (2014). Rethinking Engineering Education: the CDIO approach (2nd ed.). New York: Springer.
Crawley, E., Malmqvist, J., Ostlund, S., & Brodeur, D. (2007). Rethinking engineering education. The CDIO Approach, 302, 60-62.
Edström, K., & Kolmos, A. (2014). PBL and CDIO: complementary models for engineering education development. European Journal of Engineering Education, 39(5), 539-555. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03043797.2014.895703.
Gimenez, J., & Thondhlana, J. (2012). Collaborative writing in engineering: perspectives from research and implications for undergraduate education. European Journal of Engineering Education, 37(5), 471-487. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03043797.2012.714356.
Henderson, P., & De Silva, N. (2006). A narrative approach to collaborative writing: a business process model. In Proceedings of 8th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems (ICEIS), Paphos, Cyprus. Retrieved in 9 December 2016, from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.62.8495.
Leifer, L. (2010). PIEp Workshop: changing mindset, improving creativity and innovation in engineering education. Stanford: Stanford University.
Lowry, P. B., Curtis, A., & Lowry, M. R. (2004). Building a taxonomy and nomenclature of collaborative writing to improve interdisciplinary research and practice. Journal of Business Communication, 41(1), 66-99. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0021943603259363.
Maylor, H. (2010). Project management (4th ed.). Essex: Pearson Education.
Porter, M. E. (1985). Competitive advantage: creating and sustaining superior performance. New York: FreePress.
Thompson, L. L. (2011). Making the Team: a guide for managers (4th ed.). Harlow: Pearson Education.
Wheeler, E., & McDonald, R. (2000). Writing in engineering courses. Journal of Engineering Education, 89(4), 481-486. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.2000.tb00555.x.
Zhou, W., Simpson, E., & Domizi, D. P. (2012). Google docs in an out-of-class collaborative writing activity. International Journal on Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 24(3), 359-375.