Research Article

Requirements processing for building design: a systematic review

Camila Pegoraro; Istefani Carísio de Paula

Downloads: 1
Views: 311


Abstract: Problems in buildings can often be traced back to the requirements processing in the design phases. In building design, requirements processing is mainly discussed under the term briefing and is a critical and a problematic process. This study focus on the design stage and aims to summarize and analyze requirements’ processing concepts and practices by a systematic review. The main problems, guidelines, tools and methods were analyzed and compared to the requirements engineering and management approaches. The findings indicate lack of consensus about key concepts and about the coverage of requirements processing, lack of applied methods and lack of practitioners’ knowledge. From the gaps, we proposed a definition for the key concepts, and scheme of this whole requirements processing in building design and indicate recommendations for future research, which can guide important contributions, especially if supported by practical experiences.


Requirements processing, Building design, Design management, Construction


American Heritage. (2011). American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.

Arayici, Y., Manchester, G., Ahmed, V., & Aouad, G. (2006). A requirements engineering framework for integrated systems development for the construction industry. ITCon, 11, 35-55.

Barrett, P. S., Hudson, J., & Stanley, C. (1999). Good practice in briefing: the limits of rationality. Automation in Construction, 8(6), 633-642.

Barrett, P. S., & Stanley, C. (1999). Better construction briefing. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

Bendixen, M., & Koch, C. (2007). Negotiating visualizations in briefing and design. Building Research and Information, 35(1), 42-53.

Biolchini, J., Mian, P. G., Candida, A., & Natali, C. (2005). Systematic Review in Software Engineering. Rio de Janeiro: UFRJ.

Bluyssen, P. M., Oostra, M. A R., & Böhms, H. M. (2010). A top-down system engineering approach as an alternative to the traditional over-the-bench methodology for the design of a building. Intelligent Buildings International, 2(2), 98-115.

Bray, I. K. (2002). An introduction to requirements engineering. London: Pearson Education.

Chandra, V., & Loosemore, M. (2011). Communicating about organizational culture in the briefing process: case study of a hospital project. Construction Management and Economics, 29(3), 223-231.

Chinyio, E., Olomolaiye, P. O., & Corbett, P. (1998). An evaluation of the project needs of UK building clients. International Journal of Project Management, 16(6), 385-391.

Chung, J. K. H., Kumaraswamy, M. M., & Palaneeswaran, E. (2009). Improving megaproject briefing through enhanced collaboration with ICT. Automation in Construction, 18(7), 966-974.

Construction Industry Board – CIB. (1997). Briefing the team. London: Thomas Telford.

Dym, C. L., & Little, P. (2008). Engineering design: a project based introduction (3th ed.). New York: Wiley.

Elf, M., Svedbo Engström, M., & Wijk, H. (2012). An assessment of briefs used for designing healthcare environments: a survey in Sweden. Construction Management and Economics, 30(10), 835-844.

Hansen, K. L., & Vanegas, J. (2003). Improving design quality through briefing automation. Building Research and Information, 31(5), 379-386.

Higgins, J. P., & Green, S. (2011). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. The Cochrane Collaboration.

Hyams, D. (2001). Construction companion to briefing. London: RIBA Publications.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers – IEEE. (1995). IEEE trial-use standard for application and management of the systems engineering process. New York.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers – IEEE. (1998). IEEE Recommended Practice for Software Requirements Specifications. New York.

Jallow, A. K. (2011). Integrated lifecycle requirements information management in construction. Loughborough University.

Jallow, A. K., Demian, P., Baldwin, A. N., & Anumba, C. (2014). An empirical study of the complexity of requirements management in construction projects. Engineering, Construction, and Architectural Management, 21(5), 505-531.

Jay, I., & Bowen, P. (2011). What residents value in low-cost housing schemes: some South African concepts. Building Research and Information, 39(6), 574-588.

Jensen, P. A. (2011). Inclusive briefing and user involvement: case study of a media centre in Denmark. Architectural Engineering and Design Management, 7(1), 38-49.

Kamara, J. M., & Anumba, C. J. (2001a). A critical appraisal of the briefing process in construction. Journal of Construction Research, 2(1), 13-24.

Kamara, J. M., & Anumba, C. J. (2001b). ClientPro: a prototype software for client requirements processing in construction. Advances in Engineering Software, 32(2), 141-158.

Kamara, J. M., Anumba, C. J., & Evbuomwan, N. F. O. (1999). Client requirements processing in contruction: a new approach using QFD. Journal of Architectural Engineering, 5(1), 8-15.

Kamara, J. M., Anumba, C. J., & Evbuomwan, N. F. O. (2000). Computer-Based Application for the Processing of Clients’ Requirements. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, 14(4), 264-271.

Kamara, J. M., Anumba, C. J., & Evbuomwan, N. F. O. (2001). Assessing the suitability of current briefing practices in construction within a concurrent engineering framework. International Journal of Project Management, 19(6), 337-351.

Kamara, J. M., Anumba, C. J., & Evbuomwan, N. F. O. (2002). Capturing client requirements in construction projects. London: Thomas Telford.

Kelly, J., & Duerk, D. (2002). Construction project briefing/ architectural programming. In J. Kelly, R. Morledge & S. J. Wilkinson (Eds.), Best value in construction. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. 324 p.

Kim, T. W., Kim, Y., Cha, S. H., & Fischer, M. (2015). Automated updating of space design requirements connecting user activities and space types. Automation in Construction, 50, 102-110.

Kiviniemi, A. (2005). Requirements management interface to building product models. Stanford: Stanford University.

Kotler, P. (1991). Marketing management: analysis, planning, implementation and control (7th ed.). London: Prentice-Hall.

Leung, M., Ng, S. T., & Cheung, S. (2002). Improving satisfaction through conflict stimulation and resolution in value management in construction projects. Journal of Management Engineering, 18, 68-75.

Luck, R., Haenlein, H., & Bright, K. (2001). Project briefing for accessible design. Design Studies, 22(3), 297-315.

Luck, R., & McDonnell, J. (2006). Architect and user interaction: the spoken representation of form and functional meaning in early design conversations. Design Studies, 27(2), 141-166.

Luo, X., Shen, G. Q., Fan, S., & Xue, X. (2011). A group decision support system for implementing value management methodology in construction briefing. International Journal of Project Management, 29(8), 1003-1017.

Luo, X., & Shen, Q. (2008). A computer-aided FPS-oriented approach for construction briefing. Tsinghua Science and Technology, 13, 292-297.

Luo, X., Shen, Q., & Fan, S. (2010). A case-based reasoning system for using functional performance specification in the briefing of building projects. Automation in Construction, 19(6), 725-733.

Othman, A. A. E., Hassan, T. M., & Pasquire, C. L. (2004). Drivers for dynamic brief development in construction. Engineering, Construction, and Architectural Management, 11(4), 248-258.

Oxford University Press. (2010). New Oxford American Dictionary (3th ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Parviainen, P., Tihinen, M., & Van Solingen, R. (2005). Requirements engineering: dealing with the complexity of Sociotechnical Systems Development. In J. L. Mate & A. Silva (Eds.), Requirements engineering for sociotechnical systems. Hershey: Information Science Publishing.

Pegoraro, C. (2016). Processamento de requisitos em projetos de ambientes construídos: caracterização e contribuições para melhorias a partir das percepções dos profissionais que desenvolvem projetos (Doctor thesis). Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre.

Project Management Institute – PMI. (2013). PMBOK guide (5th ed.). Pennsylvania.

Rezgui, Y., Bouchlaghem, D., & Austin, S. (2003). An IT-based approach to managing the construction brief. International Journal of IT in Architecture, Engineering and Construction, 1(1), 25-37.

RIBA. (2013). Plan of Work 2013. London.

Ryd, N. (2004). The design brief as carrier of client information during the construction process. Design Studies, 25(3), 231-249.

Sheer, S., Mendes, R. Jr, Quevedo, J. R. S., Mikaldo Junior, J., & Fontoura, P. S. (2007). The necessary background for implementing and managing building design processes using web environments. ITCon, 12, 221-230.

Shen, Q., & Chung, J. K. H. (2002). A group decision support system for value management studies in the construction industry. International Journal of Project Management, 20(3), 247-252.

Shen, Q., Li, H., Chung, J., & Hui, P. (2004). A framework for identification and representation of client requirements in the briefing process. Construction Management and Economics, 22(2), 213-221.

Shen, W., Zhang, X., Shen, Q., & Fernando, T. (2013). The user pre-occupancy evaluation method in designer-client communication in early design stage: a case study. Automation in Construction, 32, 112-124.

Soetanto, R., Dainty, A. R. J., Glass, J., & Price, A. D. F. (2006). Towards an explicit design decision process: the case of the structural frame. Construction Management and Economics, 24(6), 603-614.

Sommerville, I. (2005). Integrated requirements engineering: A tutorial. IEEE Software, 22(1), 16-23.

Sommerville, I. (2007). Software engineering (8th ed.). Boston: Addison-Wesley.

Sterry, P., & Sutrisna, M. (2007). Briefing and designing performing arts buildings: assessing the role of secondary project stakeholders. Architectural Engineering and Design Management, 3(4), 209-221.

Tang, L., Shen, G. Q., Skitmore, M., & Wang, H. (2014). Procurement-Related Critical Factors for Briefing in Public-Private Partnership Projects: case of Hong Kong. Journal of Management Engineering, 31(6), 04014096.

Tang, L., & Shen, Q. (2013). Factors affecting effectiveness and efficiency of analyzing stakeholders’ needs at the briefing stage of public private partnership projects. International Journal of Project Management, 31(4), 513-521.

Tang, L., Shen, Q., Skitmore, M., & Cheng, E. W. L. (2013). Ranked Critical Factors in PPP Briefings. Journal of Management Engineering, 29(April), 164-171.

Thyssen, M. H., Emmitt, S., Bonke, S., & Kirk-Christoffersen, A. (2010). Facilitating client value creation in the conceptual design phase of construction projects: a workshop approach. Architectural Engineering and Design Management, 6(1), 18-30.

Wandahl, S. (2004). Visual value clarification: a method for an effective brief. Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, 10(4), 317-326.

Yu, A., Shen, Q., Kelly, J., & Hunter, K. (2005). Application of value management in project briefing. Facilities, 23(7/8), 330-342.

Yu, A., Shen, Q., Kelly, J., & Hunter, K. (2007). An empirical study of the variables affecting construction project briefing/architectural programming. International Journal of Project Management, 25(2), 198-212.

Yu, A. T. W. (2006). A value management framework for systematic identification and precise representationof client requirements in the briefing process. Hong Kong: The Honk Kong Polytechnic University.

Yu, A. T. W., & Shen, G. Q. P. (2013). Critical success factors of the briefing process for construction projects. Journal of Management Engineering, 31(3).

Yu, A. T. W., Shen, Q., Kelly, J., & Hunter, K. (2006). Investigation of critical success factors in construction project briefing by way of content analysis. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 132, 1178-1186.

Yu, A. T. W., Shen, Q., Kelly, J., & Hunter, K. (2008). Comparative study of the variables in construction project briefing / architectural programming. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 134, 122-138.

Zarooni, S., Abdou, A., & Lewis, J. (2011). Improving the client briefing for UAE public healthcare projects: space programming guidelines. Architectural Engineering and Design Management, 7(4), 251-265.

58ff8b730e8825cf6aabdcf9 production Articles
Links & Downloads


Share this page
Page Sections