Systematic Review

Digital competences of the industrial engineer in industry 4.0 a systematic vision

Walter Rosas Quintero

Downloads: 1
Views: 486


Paper aims: Propose digital skills that industrial engineers must possess to face the industry 4.0 challenges, through the integration of technological strategies and people in complex processes that transform factories, cities, and organizations into smart and flexible ones.

Originality: Due to the lack of clarity in the existing literature, this research aims to reframe the role of industrial engineers to face the industry evolution.

Research method: A systematic review of the publications made between 2016 and 2021 in indexed databases was carried out. After filtering, the selected articles were analyzed and compared to answer the aim of the work.

Main findings: There is no consensus on the digital skills required for industrial engineers to face the industry 4.0 challenges.

Implications for theory and practice: The technological strategies, pillars of industry 4.0, are in constant change, forcing us to rethink future research on the digital skills demanded by industrial engineering professionals.


Industrial Engineer, Digital skills, Industry 4.0, Smart organizations


Amaya Rodríguez, K. V., & Sibrián Sanchez, K. A. (2019). Industry 4.0 challenges and sustainable development opportunities for Latin America and the Caribbean. In XII Congresso de Economistas de América Latina y el Caribe. Retrieved in 5 March 2022, from

Baena, F., Guarin, A., Mora, J., Sauza, J., & Retat, S. (2017). Learning factory: the path to industry 4.0. Procedia Manufacturing, 9, 73-80.

Basco, A. I., Beliz, G., Coatz, D., & Garnero, P. (2018). Industry 4.0: manufacturing the future (Inter-American development bank). Buenos Aires: Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo. Retrieved in 5 March 2022, from

Basir, N., Lian, O. C., & Shaharin, H. (2019). Assessment of outcome-based integrated design project. Journal of Technology & Science Education, 9(1), 77-84.

Becerra, L. Y. (2020). Tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones en la era de la cuarta revolución industrial: tendencias tecnológicas y desafíos en la educación en ingeniería. Entre Ciencia e Ingeniería, 14(28), 76-81.

Bischof-dos-Santos, C., & Oliveira, E. (2020). Production engineering competencies in the industry 4.0 context: perspectives on the brazilian labor market. Production, 30, e20190145.

Brezeanu, T., & Lazarou E. (2020). Alignment between engineering curriculum and skills development for industry 4.0. eLearning & Software for Education, 2, 328-334.

Calvani, A., Cartelli, A., Fini, A., & Ranieri, M. (2008). Models and instruments for assessing digital competence at school. Journal of e-Learning and Knowledge Society, 4(3), 183-193.

Capote, G. E., Rizo, N., & Bravo, G. (2016). The training of engineers today. A necessary explanation. Universidad y Sociedad, 8(1), 21-28. Retrieved in 5 March 2022, from

Chikasha, P. N., Ramdass, K., Mokgokloa, K., & Maladzhi, R. W. (2020). Aligning industrial engineering education with industry through atomic curriculum manipulation. South African Journal of Industrial Engineering, 31(4), 92-103.

Elías, R. (2017). Digital transformation and the demand for transversal competences. Barcelona: Equipos&Talentos. Retrieved in 5 March 2022, from

Eppes, T. A., Milanovic, I., Jamshidi, R., & Shetty, D. (2021). Engineering curriculum in support of industry 4.0. International Journal of Online and Biomedical Engineering, 17(1), 4-16.

Erceg, V., & Zoranović, T. (2020). Required competencies for successful digital transformation. Ekonomika, 66, 47-54.

Fareri, S., Fantoni, G., Chiarello, F., Coli, E., & Binda, A. (2020). Estimating industry 4.0 impact on job profiles and skills using text mining. Computers in Industry, 118, 103222.

Garcia-Moran, E., Esqueda, D., Jesus Solis-Cordova, J. D., Villagomez, L., Morano, H., & Ramirez, R. (2021). Industry 4.0 competencies as the core of online engineering laboratories. Journal of Design and Technology Education, 26(3), 20-51.

Gerekli, İ., Çelik, T. Z., & Bozkurt, İ. (2021). Industry 4.0 and smart production. TEM Journal, 10(2), 799-805.

Goecks, L. S., Santos, A. A., & Korzenowski, A. L. (2020). Decision-making trends in quality management: a literature review about Industry 4.0. Production, 30, e20190086.

González, I., & Calderón, A. J. (2018). Development of final projects in engineering degrees around an industry 4.0-oriented flexible manufacturing system: preliminary outcomes and some initial considerations. Education in Science, 8(4), 214.

González-Hernández, I. J., & Granillo-Macías, R. (2020). Competencias del ingeniero industrial en la Industria 4.0. Revista Electrónica de Investigación Educativa, 22, 1-14.

Gumparthi, S. (2020). Industry 4.0 evolutions - technical education for sustainable social development. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(3), 770-778.

Gusmão Caiado, R. G., Carocha, D. M., Goulart, A. K., & Tortorella, G. L. (2020). Critical success factors-based taxonomy for Lean Public Management: a systematic review. Production, 30, e20200030.

Hernandez-de-Menendez, M., Escobar Díaz, C. A., & Morales-Menendez, R. (2020). Engineering education for smart 4.0 technology: a review. International Journal on Interactive Design & Manufacturing, 14(3), 789-803.

International Business Machines – IBM. (2019). Smart Factory Transform plant operations with Industry 4.0. Retrieved in 5 March 2022, from

Kagermann, H., Anderl, R., Gausemeier, J., Schuh, G., & Wahlster, W. (2016). Industrie 4.0 in a Global Context: strategies for cooperating with international partners. Munique: Herbert Utz Verlag.

Kammerl, R., & Dertinger, A. (2019). Kompetenzen in einer digitalen Welt: Ansätze einer empirischen Operationalisierung des KMK- Kompetenzmodells. Medien & Erziehung, 63(2), 50-56.

Kearney, A. T. (2018). Readiness for the future of production report 2018. Switzerland: World Economic Forum. Retrieved in 5 March 2022, from

Liboni, L. B., Cezarino, L. O., Jabbour, C. J. C., Oliveira, B. G., & Stefanelli, N. O. (2019). Smart industry and the pathways to HRM 4.0: Implications for SCM. Supply Chain Management, 24(1), 124-146.

Madakam, S., Holmukhe, R., & Jaiswal, D. (2019). The future digital work force: Robotic Process Automation (RPA). Journal of Information Systems and Technology Management, 16, 1-17.

Maisiri, W., Darwish, H., & van Dyk, L. (2019). An investigation of industry 4.0 skills requirements. South African Journal of Industrial Engineering, 30(3).

Maisiri, W., van Dyk, L., & Coetzee, R. (2021). Development of an industry 4.0 competency maturity model. SAIEE Africa Research Journal, 112(4), 189-197.

Mena-Vargas, Y. A., Millán-Rojas, E. E., & Sánchez-Castillo, V. (2019). Application of augmented reality as a means of interdisciplinary learning. Sciences et Techniques (Paris), 24(3), 479-489.

Mesquita, D., Lima, R. M., Flores, M. A., Marinho-Araujo, C., & Rabelo, M. (2015). Industrial engineering and management curriculum profile: developing a framework of competences. International Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, 6(3), 121-131. Retrieved in 5 March 2022, from

Moncada-Hernández, S. G. (2014). How to perform an efficient information search. Focus on students, teachers and researchers in the educational area. Revistas UNAM, 3(10), 103-115.

Motyl, B., & Filippi, S. (2021). Trends in engineering education for additive manufacturing in the industry 4.0 era: a systematic literature review. International Journal on Interactive Design & Manufacturing, 15(1), 103-106.

Motyl, B., Baronio, G., Uberti, S., Speranza, D., & Filippi, S. (2017). How will change the future engineers’ skills in the industry 4.0 framework? A questionnaire survey. Procedia Manufacturing, 11, 1501-1509.

Muszyńska-Łanowy, M. (2021). Technical and soft competencies in teaching architecture in the context of industry 4.0. World Transactions on Engineering and Technology Education, 19(2), 203-208.

Pittich, D., Tenberg, R., & Lensing, K. (2020). Learning factories for complex competence acquisition. European Journal of Engineering Education, 45(2), 196-213.

Piwowar-Sulej, K. (2021). Human resources development as an element of sustainable HRM – with the focus on production engineers. Journal of Cleaner Production, 278, 124008. PMid:32901179.

Sackey, S. M., & Bester, A. (2016). Industrial engineering curriculum in industry 4.0 in a south african context. South African Journal of Industrial Engineering, 27(4), 101-114.

Salah, B., Khan, S., Ramadan, M., & Gjeldum, N. (2020). Integrating the concept of industry 4.0 by teaching methodology in industrial engineering curriculum. Processes (Basel, Switzerland), 8(9), 1007.

Sampaio, R. F., & Mancini, M. C. (2007). Systematic review studies: a guide for careful synthesis of the scientific evidence. Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy, 11(1), 83-89.

Schaupp, S., & Diab, R. (2020). From the smart factory to the self-organisation of capital: «Industrie 4.0» as the cybernetisation of production. Ephemera, 20(4), 19-41.

Schutte, C. S. L., Kennon, D., & Bam, W. (2016). The status and challenges of industrial engineering in South Africa. South African Journal of Industrial Engineering, 27(1), 1-19.

Schwab, K. (2016). Leadership principles of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. World Economic Forum. Retrieved in 5 March 2022, from

Sedelmaier, Y., & Landes, D. (2017). How can we find out what makes a good requirements engineer in the age of digitalization? International Journal of Engineering Pedagogy, 7(3), 147-164.

Souza, R. G., Quelhas, O., Marchisotti, G., Neto, J., Anholon, R., & Marinho, C. A. (2020). Production engineering curriculum in industry 4.0 in a Brazilian context. South African Journal of Industrial Engineering, 31(4), 136-150.

Tan, H. S., Oktarina, R., Reynaldo, V., & Sharina, C. (2020). Conceptual development of learning factory for industrial engineering education in Indonesia context as an enabler of students’ competencies in industry 4.0 era. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 426, No. 1, pp. 012123). Bristol: IOP Publishing

Thirunavukarasu, G., Chandrasekaran, S., Subhash Betageri, V., & Long, J. (2020). Assessing learners’ perceptions of graduate employability. Sustainability, 12(2), 460.

Tihinen, M., Pikkarainen, A., & Joutsenvaara, J. (2021). Digital manufacturing challenges education: SmartLab concept as a concrete example in tackling these challenges. Future Internet, 13(8), 192.

Török, L. (2020). Industry 4.0 from a few aspects, in particular in respect of the decision making of the management: will the new industrial revolution change the traditional management functions? Revista Internacional de Ciencias Aplicadas e Ingeniería, 11(2), 140-146.

Vodovozov, V., Raud, Z., & Petlenkov, E. (2021). Challenges of active learning in a view of integrated engineering education. Education in Science, 11(2), 43.

World Economic Forum (2018). The Global Competitiveness Report 2018. Retrieved in 5 March 2022, from

Ynzunza, C. B., Izar, J. M., Bocarando, J. G., Aguilar, F., & Larios, M. (2017). El Entorno de la Industria 4.0: Implicaciones y Perspectivas Futuras. Conciencia Tecnológica, 54, 33-45. Retrieved in 5 March 2022, from

Zeidan, S., & Bishno, M. (2020). An effective framework for bridging the gap between industry and academia. International Journal on Emerging Technologies, 11(3), 454-461.

Submitted date:

Accepted date:

631b37a7a9539539ae10d562 production Articles
Links & Downloads


Share this page
Page Sections