Thematic Section - Sustainability in Transportation and Logistics

Towards a contribution to sustainable management of a dairy supply chain

Felipe Ungarato Ferreira; Sabine Robra; Priscilla Cristina Cabral Ribeiro; Carlos Francisco Simões Gomes; José Adolfo de Almeida Neto; Luciano Brito Rodrigues

Downloads: 0
Views: 26


Abstract: Paper aims: The paper proposes an enhancement to a focal company in the dairy supply chain, in order to support sustainable performance.

Originality: The authors conclude that previous life cycle assessment (LCA) studies did not recommend for dairy supply chain or use this approach to assess the environmental impacts in this chain.

Research method: A cradle-to-gate attributional life cycle assessment (LCA) study performed in a focal company and considering its transport and processing stages, and three scenarios were proposed as suitable.

Main findings: The impacts derive from energy use and transportation of feedstocks, and the use of cleaning products and certain types of packaging materials. A decrease of 46.5% of the impact in the photochemical oxidant formation category was achieved.

Implications for theory and practice: The results can identify the different impacts throughout the dairy chain associated with the main product’s life cycle, and the possibility of mitigating them.


Supply Chain Management, Life cycle assessment, Environmental impacts, Dairy industry


Agri-footprint®. (2014). LCA DataBase. The Netherlands: Agri-Footprint.

Alves, E. C., Soares, B. B., Almeida Neto, J. A., & Rodrigues, L. B. (2019). Strategies for reducing the environmental impacts of organic mozzarella cheese production. Journal of Cleaner Production, 223, 226-237.

Ansari, Z. N., & Kant, R. (2017). A state-of-art literature review reflecting 15 years of focus on sustainable supply chain management. Journal of Cleaner Production, 142(4), 2524-2543.

Baldini, C., Gardoni, D., & Guarino, M. (2017). A critical review of the recent evolution of Life Cycle Assessment applied to milk production. Journal of Cleaner Production, 140(2), 421-435.

Berlin, J., Sonesson, U., & Tillman, A. M. (2007). A life cycle based method to minimise environmental impact of dairy production through product sequencing. Journal of Cleaner Production, 15(4), 347-356.

Besiou, M., & Van Wassenhove, L. N. (2015). Addressing the challenge of modeling for decision-making in socially responsible operations. Production and Operations Management, 24(9), 1390-1401.

Blass, V., & Corbett, C. J. (2018). Same supply chain, different models integrating perspectives from life cycle assessment and supply chain management. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 22(1), 18-30.

Bourlakis, M., Maglaras, G., Gallear, D., & Fotopoulos, C. (2014). Examining sustainability performance in the supply chain: The case of the Greek dairy sector. Industrial Marketing Management, 43(1), 56-66.

Brancoli, P., Rousta, K., & Bolton, K. (2017). Life cycle assessment of supermarket food waste. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 118, 39-46.

Brockhaus, S., Kersten, W., & Knemeyer, A. M. (2013). Where do we go from here? Progressing Sustainability Implementation Efforts Across Supply Chains. J. Bus. Logist., 34, 167-182.

Carter, C. R., Meschnig, G., & Kaufmann, L. (2015). Moving to the next level: Why our discipline needs more multilevel theorization. The Journal of Supply Chain Management, 51(4), 94-102.

Chang, D., Lee, C. K. M., & Chen, C.-H. (2014). Review of life cycle assessment towards sustainable product development. Journal of Cleaner Production, 83, 48-60.

Corrado, S., Ardente, F., Sala, S., & Saouter, E. (2017). Modelling of food loss within life cycle assessment: From current practice towards a systematisation. Journal of Cleaner Production, 140(Part 2), 847-859.

Djekic, I., Miocinovic, J., Tomasevic, I., Smigic, N., & Tomic, N. (2014). Environmental life-cycle assessment of various dairy products. Journal of Cleaner Production, 68, 64-72.

Doublet, G., Jungbluth, N., Stucki, M., & Schori, S. (2013). Life cycle assessment of Romanian beef and dairy products (SENSE Project, No. 288974). Retrieved in 2014, October 26, from

Ecoinvent®. (2014). Econivent DataBase. Version 3. Zurich, Switzerland: Ecoinvent.

Eide, M. H., Homleid, J. P., & Mattsson, B. (2003). Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of cleaning-in-place processes in dairies. Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + Technologie, 36(3), 303-314.

ELCD®. (2014). DataBase. European Union: ELCD.

Galal, N. M., & Moneim, A. F. A. (2016). Developing sustainable supply chains in developing countries. Procedia CIRP, 48, 419-424.

Galo, N. R., Ribeiro, P. C. C., Mergulhão, R. C., & Vieira, J. G. V. (2018). Selección de proveedor de servicios logísticos: alineación entre criterios e indicadores. Innovar, 28(69), 55-70.

Goedkoop, M., Heijungs, R., Huijbregts, M., De Schryver, A., Struijs, J. V. Z. R., & Van Zelm, R. (2013). A life cycle impact assessment method which comprises harmonised category indicators at the midpoint and the endpoint level. The Hague: Ministry of VROM.

González-García, S., Castanheira, É. G., Dias, A. C., & Arroja, L. (2013). Using Life Cycle Assessment methodology to assess UHT milk production in Portugal. The Science of the Total Environment, 442, 225-234. PMid:23178782.

Govindan, K. (2018). Sustainable consumption and production in the food supply chain: A conceptual framework. International Journal of Production Economics, 195, 419-431.

Gustavsson, J., Cederberg, C., Sonesson, U., van Otterdijk, R., & Meybeck, A. (2011) Global food losses and food waste: Extent, causes and prevention. Rome: FAO. Retrieved in 2018, December 21, from

Hagelaar, G. J. L. F., & Van der Vorst, J. G. A. J. (2002). Environmental supply chain management: Using life cycle assessment to structure supply chains. The International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, 4(4), 399-412.

Hospido, A., Moreira, M. T., & Feijoo, G. (2003). Simplified life cycle assessment of Galician milk production. International Dairy Journal, 13(10), 783-796.

Hsu, C.-C., Tan, K.-C., & Zailani, S. H. M. (2016). Strategic orientations, sustainable supply chain initiatives, and reverse logistics: Empirical evidence from an emerging market. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 36(1), 86-110.

Hutchins, M. J., & Sutherland, J. W. (2008). An exploration of measures of social sustainability and their application to supply chain decisions. Journal of Cleaner Production, 16(15), 1688-1698.

Ingwersen, W., Gausman, M., Weisbrod, A., Sengupta, D., Lee, S.-J., Bare, J., Zanoli, E., Bhander, G. S., & Ceja, M. (2016). Detailed life cycle assessment of Bounty® paper towel operations in the United States. Journal of Cleaner Production, 131, 509-522.

International Organization for Standardization (2006a). ISO 14040 - Environmental Management - Life Cycle Assessment - Principles and Framework. Geneva: ISO.

International Organization for Standardization (2006b). ISO 14044 - Environmental Management - Life Cycle Assessment - Requirements and guidelines. Geneva: ISO.

Jayaram, J., & Avittathur, B. (2015). Green supply chains: A perspective from an emerging economy. International Journal of Production Economics, 164, 234-244.

Kang, S.-H., Kang, B., Shin, K., Kim, D., & Han, J. (2012). A theoretical framework for strategy development to introduce sustainable supply chain management. Procedia: Social and Behavioral Sciences, 40, 631-635.

Koh, S. C. L., Gunasekaran, A., Morris, J., Obayi, R., & Ebrahimi, S. M. (2017). Conceptualizing a circular framework of supply chain resource sustainability. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 37(10), 1520-1540.

Kulak, M., Nemecek, T., Frossard, E., & Gaillard, G. (2016). Eco-efficiency improvement by using integrative design and life cycle assessment. The case study of alternative bread supply chains in France. Journal of Cleaner Production, 112(Part 4), 2452-2461.

Martí, J. M. C., & Seifert, R. W. (2013). Assessing the comprehensiveness of supply chain environmental strategies. Business Strategy and the Environment, 22, 339-356.

Mello, T. M., Eckhardt, D., & Leiras, A. (2017). Sustainable procurement portfolio management: a case study in a mining company. Production Journal, 27(e20162136), 1-15.

Milani, F. X., Nutter, D., & Thoma, G. (2011). Invited review: Environmental impacts of dairy processing and products: A review. Journal of Dairy Science, 94(9), 4243-4254. PMid:21854898.

Molina-Besch, K. (2016). Prioritization guidelines for green food packaging development. British Food Journal, 118(10), 2512-2533.

Nepomuceno, R. S. C., Costa Junior, L. C. G., & Costa, R. G. B. (2016). Exopolysaccharide-producing culture in the manufacture of Prato Cheese. Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + Technologie, 72, 383-389.

Nigri, E. M., Barros, A. C., Rocha, S. D. F., & Romeiro Filho, E. (2014). Assessing environmental impacts using a comparative LCA of industrial and artisanal production processes: “minas cheese” case. Food Science and Technology, 34(3), 522-531.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development & Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (2018). Dairy and dairy products. In Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development & Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027. Paris: OECD/FAO.

Pertusa-Ortega, E. M., López-Gamero, M. D., Pereira-Moliner, J., Tarí, J., & Molina-Azorín, J. F. (2018). Antecedents of environmental management: the influence of organizational design and its mediating role between quality management and environmental management. Organization & Environment, 31(4), 425-443.

Pré Sustainability. (2019). ReCiPe. Netherlands. Retrieved in 2015, February 10, from

Roehrich, J. K., Hoejmose, S. U., & Overland, V. (2017). Driving green supply chain management performance through supplier selection and value internalisation: A self-determination theory perspective. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 37(4), 489-509.

Rohlfes, A. L. B., Baccar, N. M., Oliveira, M. S. R., Marquardt, L., & Richards, N. S. P. S. (2011). Indústrias Lácteas: Alternativas de Aproveitamento do Soro de Leite como Forma de Gestão Ambiental. Tecni-Lógica, 15, 79-83.

Sala, S., Anton, A., McLaren, S. J., Notarnicola, B., Saouter, E., & Sonesson, U. (2017). In quest of reducing the environmental impacts of food production and consumption. Journal of Cleaner Production, 140, 387-398.

Santos Junior, H. C. M., Maranduba, H. L., Almeida Neto, J. A., & Rodrigues, L. B. (2017). Life cycle assessment of cheese production process in a small-sized dairy industry in Brazil. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 24(4), 3470-3482. PMid:27873115.

Seles, B. M. R. P., Jabbour, A. B. L. S., Jabbour, C. J. C., & Dangelico, R. M. (2016). The green bullwhip effect, the diffusion of green supply chain practices, and institutional pressures: Evidence from the automotive sector. International Journal of Production Economics, 182, 342-355.

Shafiq, A., Johnson, P. F., Klassen, R. D., & Awaysheh, A. (2017). Exploring the implications of supply risk on sustainability performance. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 37(10), 1386-1407.

SimaPro® (2014). SimaPro. Version Netherlands: PRé Sustainability.

Tchokogué, A., Nollet, J., Merminod, N., Paché, G., & Goupil, V. (2018). Is Supply’s Actual Contribution to Sustainable Development Strategic and Operational? Business Strategy and the Environment, 27(3), 336-358.

Vagnoni, E., Franca, A., Porqueddu, C., & Duce, P. (2017). Environmental profile of Sardinian sheep milk cheese supply chain: A comparison between two contrasting dairy systems. Journal of Cleaner Production, 165(1), 1078-1089.

Vazquez-Rowe, I., Hospido, A., Moreira, M.T., & Feijoo, G., 2012. Best practices in life cycle assessment implementation in fisheries. Improving and broadening environmental assessment for seafood production systems. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 28(2), 116-131.

Wang, Q., Qiu, S., Yuan, X., Zuo, J., Cao, D., Hong, J., Zhang, J., Dong, Y., & Zheng, Y. (2016). Stability of ecological industry chain: An entropy model approach. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 23(14), 14316-14326. PMid:27055893.

Zhong, R., Xu, X., & Wang, L. (2017). Food supply chain management: Systems, implementations, and future research. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 117(9), 2085-2114.

5e60bb540e88259855894097 production Articles
Links & Downloads


Share this page
Page Sections