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https://prod.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/0103-6513.148113
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Modelos de front end da inovação: similaridades, diferenças e perspectivas de pesquisa

Front end of innovation models: similarities, differences and research perspectives

Teza, Pierry; Dandolini, Gertrudes; Souza, João Artur de; Miguez, Viviane Brandão; Fernandes, Roberto Fabiano; Miguel, Paulo Augusto Cauchick

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Resumo

O front end da inovação é o primeiro subprocesso do processo da inovação. Esse subprocesso reúne as atividades realizadas antes da proposição e aprovação de um conceito a ser desenvolvido e implementado. Uma vez que as organizações podem se beneficiar substancialmente da otimização e melhoria do front end da inovação, e que esse ainda tem recebido pouca atenção, tanto da academia quanto das organizações, justifica-se a importância de estudos que busquem a compreensão e a organização desse corpo da literatura, auxiliando assim na evolução dos conceitos teóricos, bem como o preenchimento das lacunas de pesquisa ainda existentes. Nesse sentido, este artigo relata os resultados de um estudo cujo objetivo foi, a partir de levantamento e análise da literatura relativa ao front end da inovação e, em especial, dos modelos desse subprocesso, propor um conjunto de pressupostos como base para o desenvolvimento teórico e empírico do tema. Com o levantamento, realizado em quatro bases de dados eletrônicas, foram identificados 268 trabalhos, dos quais oito apresentam modelos de front end da inovação considerados relevantes para análise. Esses modelos são comparados com base em alguns critérios de análise de conteúdo dos artigos. A partir dessa análise, também são sugeridas perspectivas de pesquisa, bem como pontos que necessitam de aprofundamento teórico são identificados.

Palavras-chave

Inovação. Front end da inovação. Gestão da inovação. Revisão de literatura.

Abstract

The front end of innovation is the first sub-process of the innovation process. This sub-process includes the activities performed before the proposal and the adoption of a concept to be developed and implemented. This area has received little attention from academia and organizations; therefore, because organizations can substantially benefit from the optimization and improvement of the front end of innovation, the importance of studies that seek to understand the organization of this body of literature is justified. Thus, this paper aids in the development of theoretical concepts and fills the gaps observed in the existing research. In this sense, this paper reports the results of a study based on a survey and analyzes the literature related to the front end of innovation and, in particular, of this sub-process model. It also proposes a set of assumptions as the basis for the theoretical and empirical development of the subject. After a literature search was conducted in four electronic databases, 268 publications were identified, of which eight included front end of innovation models that were considered relevant for analysis. These models are compared based on some content analysis criteria of the articles. From this analysis, research perspectives are suggested, and points that require theoretical approaches are identified.

Keywords

Innovation. Front end of innovation. Innovation management. Literature review.

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