Production
https://prod.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/0103-6513.145313
Production
Article

Gestão do conhecimento: uma análise baseada em fatores contextuais da organização

Knowledge Management: an analysis based on organization contextual factors

Gonzalez, Rodrigo Valio D.; Martins, Manoel Fernando

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Resumo

Os modelos mais recentes sobre Gestão do Conhecimento (GC) reconhecem quatro fases para a sua prática: aquisição, armazenamento, distribuição e utilização do conhecimento. A GC se caracteriza como uma disciplina multidisciplinar, envolvendo aspectos de ordem técnica e social e devido à diversidade de assuntos que cerca esse tema, é essencial delimitar seu estudo. Nesse sentido, o recorte proposto para esta pesquisa é social e de coordenação, tendo como objetivo a identificação de fatores contextuais, desenvolvidos internamente às organizações, que sustentam o processo de GC em empresas do setor automobilístico. Para atingir esse objetivo é utilizado um método de pesquisa quantitativo, baseado em uma pesquisa survey. Os resultados obtidos apontam para a existência de oito fatores contextuais que sustentam o processo de GC. Esses fatores são relacionados essencialmente ao ser humano, responsável pela retenção e transformação do conhecimento primário, e ao desenvolvimento de um contexto organizacional que estimule o processo de aprendizagem.

Palavras-chave

Gestão do conhecimento. Aprendizagem organizacional. Fatores contextuais. Setor automobilístico. Análise multivariada de dados.

Abstract

The latest models of Knowledge Management (KM) recognize four phases: acquisition, storage, distribution and use of knowledge. KM is characterized as a multidisciplinary field, involving both technical and social facets. Due to the diversity of issues surrounding this topic, it is essential to define their study. This research is based on social and coordination studies that seek to identify contextual factors developed internally in organizations that support the KM process in the automotive industry. To achieve this goal, a quantitative research method based on a surveys was used. The results point to the existence of eight contextual factors that support KM. These factors are mainly related to the human beings responsible for the retention and transformation of common knowledge and the development of an organizational context that encourages the learning process.

Keywords

Knowledge management. Organizational learning. Contextual factors. Automotive sector. Multivariate analysis.

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