Production
https://prod.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/0103-6513.071211
Production
Article

Gestão de ciclo de vida e desenvolvimento de produto: análise bibliométrica e classificação da literatura

Product life cycle management and product development: biblio- metric analysis and literature classification

Varandas Junior, Angelo; Miguel, Paulo Augusto C.; Carvalho, Marly Monteiro de; Zancul, Eduardo de Senzi

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Resumo

O objetivo deste trabalho é realizar um mapeamento e classificação da literatura, bem como uma análise bibliométrica sobre os conceitos Product Life Cycle Management (PLM), Product Development Process (PDP), Environmental Sustainability (ES) e suas interfaces. As publicações de interesse foram localizadas por meio de consultas na base de dados de periódicos da ISI Web of Knowledge, por meio do portal da CAPES, considerando publicações entre 2006 e 2010. Os resultados indicam que os trabalhos são publicados em uma gama variada de periódicos e congressos e que a maioria das publicações analisadas utiliza como abordagem metodológica o estudo de caso, mas também existe uma grande proporção de trabalhos teórico-conceituais. Quanto à natureza dos dados verificou-se que a abordagem qualitativa tem sido mais adotada e é praticamente predominante a condução de estudos descritivos. Em síntese, os trabalhos analisados incorporam o conceito de sustentabilidade ambiental e PLM no PDP e são mais aplicados em empresas, cadeia de suprimentos e desenvolvimento de software. De modo geral, os trabalhos analisados enfatizam a melhoria da gestão do PDP, o aumento do desempenho e a integração de informações de diferentes áreas e sistemas. A literatura converge para a inserção dos conceitos de sustentabilidade ambiental e PLM nas atuais práticas do PDP.

Palavras-chave

Sustentabilidade ambiental. Gerenciamento do ciclo de vida de produtos. Processo de desenvolvimento de produtos.

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present a bibliometric analysis and classification of the literature on the concepts Product Life Cycle Management (PLM), New Product Development (NPD), Environmental Sustainability (ES) and their interfaces. The ISI Web of Knowledge database was accessed, as was the CAPES Brazilian portal, which is linked to various databases. The analysis considers publications between 2006 and 2010. The results show that papers are published in a dispersed way in different journals. The majority of the papers adopt case studies as a methodological research approach, but there are also many theoretical-based papers. Concerning the nature of the data, qualitative approaches are more commonly used than are quantitative ones, and most papers consider descriptive studies. One of the reasons that qualitative approaches are used more frequently may be that these concepts are not well consolidated in the literature. The examined publications incorporated the concept of ES and PLM in NPD and are more extensively applied in industries, supply chain and software development. In general, the publications emphasize PDP improvement, performance assessment and the integration of information from different areas. Finally, the article concludes that the literature converges to an integration of the concepts of environmental sustainability and PLM within the current practices of NPD.

Keywords

Environmental sustainability (ES). Product life cycle management (PLM). New product development (NPD).

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