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https://prod.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/0103-6513.0478T6
Production
Article

Alianças em projetos complexos: um estudo de projetos do tipo EPC

Alliances in complex projects: a study of an EPC project

Madureira, Gabriel Del Bianco; Carvalho, Marly Monteiro de

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Resumo

O objetivo deste trabalho é identificar os fatores críticos para o sucesso de projetos complexos, conduzidos por meio de alianças. Para tal, foi elaborado um quadro teórico alicerçado em conceitos relacionados a projetos e parcerias, que abordou aspectos relacionados à motivação, caracterização e dinâmica de funcionamento. A pesquisa de caráter exploratório foi realizada em uma organização da área de serviços de engenharia, utilizando métodos de pesquisa qualitativos e quantitativos. Foram coletados dados de 11 projetos em parceria e entrevistados 43 gerentes envolvidos em projetos desse tipo. A triangulação da revisão de literatura com as evidências de campo permitiu destacar alguns fatores críticos na condução de alianças em projetos do tipo Engenharia, Aquisições e Construção (Engineering, Procurement and Construction - EPC). Os resultados para cinco fatores que apresentaram forte correlação: cooperação, confiança, troca de informações, sinergia, grau de integração. Além disso, foi possível verificar que dos 17 fatores, 12 tiveram relação com o resultado do projeto, em alguma das dimensões estudadas.

Palavras-chave

Aliança. Gestão de projetos. Cooperação. Projetos complexos. EPC.

Abstract

This study aims to identify critical success factors for complex projects developed in alliances between companies. The theoretical framework is grounded in concepts related to projects and partnerships that address aspects related to motivation, characterization and dynamic operation. The exploratory research was conducted in an engineering services organization, mixing methods of qualitative and quantitative research. Data were gathered from 11 projects in partnerships via interviews performed with 43 managers involved in such projects. The combination of the literature review and the field research evidence highlighted some critical success factors in the projects of Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) that were developed in the alliances. The results indicate five factors that were strongly correlated: cooperation, trust, information exchange, synergy and degree of integration. Furthermore, from 17 factors, 12 were significantly related to the projects’ results in some of the dimensions studied.

Keywords

Alliance. Project management. Cooperation. Complex projects. EPC.

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