Production
https://prod.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/0103-6513.033011
Production
Article

Identificação e classificação de riscos na implantação da produção enxuta

Identifying and classifying the risks involved in the process of implementing lean production

Marodin, Giuliano Almeida; Saurin, Tarcisio Abreu; Caten, Carla Schwengber ten

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Resumo

O processo de implantação de sistemas de produção enxuta é complexo, demorado e sujeito a uma série de riscos. Este artigo tem como objetivo identificar e classificar os riscos presentes na implantação da produção enxuta (IPE). As quatro etapas da pesquisa foram: (i) revisão de literatura para identificação de riscos à IPE; (ii) desenvolvimento e aplicação de um questionário a 57 respondentes, que avaliou as percepções acerca da probabilidade de ocorrência e impacto de cada risco apontado pela literatura; (iii) análise dos resultados do questionário, que permitiu a classificação dos riscos por meio de uma análise fatorial exploratória; (iv) estudo de caso para aprofundar a compreensão das relações entre os riscos em uma empresa na qual trabalhavam três respondentes da survey. Quatorze riscos à IPE foram identificados e classificados em três grupos: (i) riscos associados ao papel das áreas de apoio; (ii) riscos associados ao papel da alta e média gerência; e (iii) riscos associados ao papel dos níveis operacionais. Uma vez que os riscos dentro de cada grupo são fortemente inter-relacionados, essa classificação pode contribuir para o planejamento e implantação de ações de controle destes.

Palavras-chave

Produção Enxuta. Gestão de riscos. Análise fatorial exploratória.

Abstract

The process of implementing lean production (LP) is complex, slow, and subject to several risks. This article aims at identifying and classifying the risks involved in the LP implementation process. The study was undertaken in four stages: (i) a literature review to identify the risks; (ii) the design and application of a questionnaire, answered by 57 respondents, to assess their perceptions on the probability of occurrence and impact of the risks identified from the literature review; (iii) analysis of the results of the questionnaire, which allowed for classification of the risks based on an exploratory factor analysis; and (iv) a case study, to gain an understanding of the relationships among the risks, performed at a company for which three respondents of the survey worked. Fourteen risks were identified and then classified in three groups: (i) risks associated with the role of support areas; (ii) risks associated with the roles of the top management and middle management; and (iii) risks associated with the role of the operational level. Because the risks within each group are strongly interrelated, this classification can contribute to improving the lean implementation strategies by managing the risks.

Keywords

Lean Production. Risk management. Exploratory factor analysis.

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