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https://prod.org.br/doi/10.1590/S0103-65132006000300014
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Problema do carteiro chinês: escolha de métodos de solução e análise de tempos computacionais

Chinese Postman Problem: solution methods choice and computational time analysis

Godinho Filho, Moacir; Junqueira, Rogério de Ávila R.

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Resumo

O presente trabalho trata do problema do carteiro chinês (CPP). Primeiramente, por meio da estruturação e análise de uma revisão bibliográfica, propõe-se um algoritmo para auxiliar na escolha de métodos adequados a fim de se resolver o CPP. Em seguida, o algoritmo desenvolvido é utilizado na escolha de métodos para resolução do CPP em dois casos reais. O trabalho também verifica se, nos problemas práticos de logística urbana estudados, é válida uma premissa citada na literatura de que a complexidade do CPP com uma única entidade em problemas mistos é muito maior do que para problemas direcionados e não direcionados. Para isto, são selecionados casos reais de coleta de lixo e correios em uma cidade do interior paulista. Este trabalho conclui que, para problemas extraídos de situações logísticas reais, inexistem significativas diferenças entre o tempo computacional para a resolução dos modelos matemáticos com vistas à obtenção de grafos eulerianos não direcionados, direcionados e mistos.

Palavras-chave

Logística, problema do carteiro chinês, escolha de método de solução, tempo computacional

Abstract

This work deals with Chinese Postman Problem (CPP). First, this paper, based on structuring and analyzing a CPP literature review, proposes an algorithm to help choosing suitable methods to solve CPP. The proposed algorithm is used on two real-world cases. This paper also verifies if in real urban logistics cases it is valid the assumption that the obtaining the optimal solution for the mixed 1 vehicle CPP is more difficult than directed and undirected cases. To accomplish this goal real-world cases are selected (household refuse collection and postal service). This work concludes that for real-world situations there are no significant differences on computational time between directed, undirected and mixed CPP.

Keywords

Logistics, Chinese Postman Problem, solution procedure choice, computational time

References



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Referências complementares

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