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https://prod.org.br/doi/10.1590/S0103-65132006000300011
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Modelo composto para prever demanda através da integração de previsões

Composed model to foresee demand through the integration of forecasts

Werner, Liane; Ribeiro, José Luis D.

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Resumo

Realizar previsões de demanda é uma atividade importante na empresa, entretanto, usar uma única técnica para obtê-las pode não ser suficiente para incorporar todo o conhecimento associado ao ambiente de previsão. As formas de integração de previsões incorporam várias técnicas e têm mostrado potencial para reduzir o erro de previsão. Este trabalho apresenta uma modelagem que está estruturada utilizando: combinação de previsões e ajuste baseado na opinião. Os elementos incluídos na modelagem são: dados históricos; econômicos; e de especialistas. Após obter-se a previsão combinada, aplica-se um ajuste para obter a previsão final. O modelo proposto é ilustrado através de uma aplicação.

Palavras-chave

Previsão de demanda, combinação de previsões, ajuste baseado na opinião, opinião de especialistas, integração de previsões

Abstract

Demand forecasting is an important task in the companies, however the use of a single technique to produce forecasts might not be enough to gather all the knowledge associated with the forecast environment. The way to integrate forecasts incorporates various techniques and has show potential to reduce forecast error. This study presents a model that relies on the use of two means of integration: forecast combination and judgmental adjustment. The elements covered by the presented model are: historic data, economic data, and the opinion of experts. After obtaining the combined forecast, an adjustment based on the experts' opinion is applied to attain the final forecast. The model proposed is described in details and illustrated through a practical application.

Keywords

Demand forecasting, combination of forecasts, judgmental adjustment, experts opinion, integration of forecasts

References



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